Ball Screw is a feed screw that turns the radial motion into linear motion by making a rolling motion between the screw’s ball channel and the nut’s ball recirculaiton channel.The reason for using it instead of trapezoidal shaft is high efficiency. Due to the ball between the nut and the shaft, the friction effect is less compared to the trapezoidal shaft.
Types Of Ball Screw Shaft
Screw shafts are divided into two according to the way they are manufactured.
Planetary reducers are used for applications where low reduction rate and precision are required.Except for the general reducer definition, let’s get to know planetary reducer in a little detail.
Planetary Reducer Input Side and Output Side
When viewed from the outside, the input side for the servo motor connection and the output side for the load connection are visible.
The input side of the reducer is designed according to the shaft output and flange dimensions of the servo motor to be connected.
In general, there are body sizes such as 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 140 and 155. However, for now, we will proceed based on the body of 90 (in the image).
Internal Structure of Planetary Reducer
Planetary reducer consists of 3 basic parts as sun, planets and ring. The servo motor drives the sun, the planets around the sun spin in the ring. In this case, the sun gear transfers the power from 3 different points (for the 3-element reducer) to the outer planetary gears.The output power increases according to the ratio between the outer ring and the sun. At the same time, the speed decreases at the same gear ratio.